Poor strategies for learning

  • Rereading
  • Massed practice (cramming for an exam)

Effective strategies for learning

  • Retrieval practice - recalling from memory
    • flashcards
    • simple test after reading or lecture
  • Space out practice
  • Interleave practice of two or more subjects
  • Attempt to solve the problem before being taught the solution
  • Elaboration - expressing a concept in your own words

“Making mistakes and correcting them build the bridges to advanced learning.”